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:: Volume 26, Number 4 (Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014) ::
2014, 26(4): 203-211 Back to browse issues page
Age-Related Macular Degeneration in An Iranian Population
Dr. Hassan Hashemi, Dr. Elina Ghafari, Dr. Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Dr. Jila Noori, Dr. Arash Taheri, Dr. Arash Eshghabadi, Dr. Alireza Khodabandeh, Dr. Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Dr. Mohammad Shariati, Dr. Akbar Fotouhi *
, afotouhii@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4774 Views)

Purpose: To determine the prevalence and determinants of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a 40-64 year old Iranian population

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 6,311 people were randomly selected from Shahroud. For all participants, visual acuity, refraction, slit-lamp examination and fundus photography were conducted under pupil dilation.

 Results: Results of this study are based on analysis of 4,387 high quality photographs. The prevalence of AMD in this study was 4.7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 4.1-5.4). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that only older age [odds ratio (OR)=1.07] and hyperopia (OR=1.12) significantly correlated with AMD. Associations with biometric components and spherical equivalent were studied in another model and older age (OR=1.08), male sex (OR=1.54), and ocular axial length (OR=0.66) significantly correlated with AMD.  

Conclusion: AMD prevalence in this population was lower compared to Western countries and higher in comparison to East Asian countries. In agreement with other studies, age strongly correlated with AMD. Regarding the correlation between AMD and ocular axial length the incidence is more likely to occur in people with short axial lengths.

 

Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201426(4):203-11 © 2014 by the Iranian Society of Ophthalmology

Keywords: Age-related Macular Degeneration, Cross-Sectional Study, Middle East Region, Prevalence
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Anterior segment
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Hashemi H, Ghafari E, Khabazkhoob M, Noori J, Taheri A, Eshghabadi A, et al . Age-Related Macular Degeneration in An Iranian Population. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014; 26 (4) :203-211
URL: http://irjo.org/article-1-1027-en.html
Volume 26, Number 4 (Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم پزشکی ایران Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology
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