It is a great privilege for the staff of the Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology (IRJO) to have the opportunity to publish a variety of subjects in ophthalmology and ophthalmic sciences which we receive from all over Iran and our medical centers. We do hope to extend this privilege to cover all Middle-East, Asia and even other continents. Our journal covers all kinds of subjects which makes it more colorful. In this issue of journal Oskooei et al1 (Pages: 68-70) report the discovery of a spectacle made of bone which has been found on the face of a skeleton of a young Iranian woman in a grave 3 to 4 millennia BC. The discovery was achieved by Professor Charles Berny in Yanik Tappeh in Eastern Azerbaijan Province, in 1962. Approved by UNESCO authorities this finding is of a very high importance since the history of the use of spectacles has still remained unsolved. Marco Polo in his trip to China on 12th century AC has indicated that Chinese did wear spectacles which they claimed that the technology has been brought from Middle-East. Yanik Tappeh spectacle opens a long discussion that spectacles were used at Middle-East even at the Iron era. It is of high interest to focus on few points published in this issue of IRJO.
In the presentation of Chams et al2 on “Risk Factors of Blindness in Behest’s Disease” (Pages: 2-8) the authors compare 187 ocular Behest’s disease (BD) patients, blind at the last visit with 81 cases of matched nonblind cases of ocular BD, both groups were treated with the conventional BD protocols. They found that one of the major risk factors for blindness was impaired vision at the presentation, P=0.000. They proposed that a prompt and intensive treatment of the patients can save the useful sight.
In another controversial matter concerning the application of laser in situ keratomileusis in patients with multiple sclerosis, Hashemi et al3 (Pages: 9-12) have done LASIK on 15 eyes of 8 patients and after six months to five years of follow-up they declare with much reserve that there is no risk of recurrence of the symptoms caused by the shock or stress of the intervention. They had included in their investigation only those without recurrence of neuritis at the last six months before the intervention. Riazi Esfahani et al4 (Pages: 47-52) present us a new technology, enhanced deep imaging optical tomography (EDI-OCT) a spectral domain OCT is placed very close to the eye to obtain an inverted image. Thus the sensitivity of the imaging in deep choroid is increased. The technique is indeed an important progress to detect and to follow the deep choroidal lesions as the authors have used the technique in the diagnosis and evaluation of treatment for choroidal hemangioma.
Talebnejad et al5 (Pages: 53-56) have published a familial presentation of monocular elevation deficiency syndrome due to hypoplasia and absence of superior rectus. They point out the importance of orbital and muscular MRI in the diagnosis of such lesions.
Karkhaneh et al6 (Pages: 57-60) discuss a case of unilateral retinoblastoma with several intravitreal injections of carboplatin. The child has been apparently cured and even with a flat ERG has had finger counts, but are we morally allowed to inject drugs within the eye of a person who has retinoblastoma?
Hormoz Chams , MD
1. Oskooei Sahihi MGh, Chams H, Ghassemi Boroumand M, et al. Discovery of a Spectacle Made in Millennia BC. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201022(3):68-70.
2. Chams H, Davatchi F, Mahmoudi AH, et al. Risk Factors of Blindness in Behcet’s Disease. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201022(3):2-8.
3. Hashemi H, Tabrizi M, Rezvan B. Laser in Situ Keratomileusis for the Treatment of Refractive Errors in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201022(3):9-12.
4. Riazi Esfahani M, Kohansal S, Hajizadeh F, Mahmoudi AH. Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography A New Method in Diagnosis and Evaluation of Treatment for Choroidal Hemangioma: A Case Report. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201022(3):47-52.
5. Talebnejad MR, Jamshidian M, Mosallaei M. Familial Presentation of Monocular Elevation Deficiency Syndrome due to Hypoplasia and Absence of Superior Rectus. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201022(3):53-56. 6. Karkhaneh R, Pourmostadam B, Ghassemi F, et al. Toxic Effect of Intravitreal Carboplatin Detected by Flattened Electeroretinogram in a Patient with Retinoblastoma Treated by Chemoreduction and Local Treatments. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201022(3):57-60.