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:: Volume 26, Issue 1 (Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014) ::
2014, 26(1): 29-32 Back to browse issues page
The Prevalence of Viral Conjunctivitis in Patients Who Referred to Eye Specialist Hospitals in Tehran, Iran
Majid Sohrabi , Zahra Goodarzi * , Esmail Saberfar Dr., Hadi Lashini
, goodarzi002@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6193 Views)

 Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), Varicella-Zoster virus and Adenovirus associated with conjunctivitis in swab samples of patients who referred to Eye Specialist Hospitals in Tehran.

 Methods: In this cross-sectional study, swab samples from patients with acute conjunctivitis during the first sixth months of 2012, in two ophthalmic departments of Tehran were collected. After DNA extraction, multiplex Real-Time PCR was carried out in two separate reactions for each sample.

 Results: A total of 150 swap samples were collected from acute conjunctivitis patients. Among them, 22 (14.6%) and 5 (3.3%) were positive for Adenovirus and HSV-1 DNA, respectively. There were no patients with positive results for HSV-2, VZV. Statistical analysis showed insignificant
P-value (0.845) between gender and conjunctivitis however, there was close correlation (P-value
<0.05) with age. Moreover, 63.6% of Adenoviral conjunctivitis occurs in the summer compared to spring (36.4), whereas no significant seasonal variation was observed for HSV-1.

 Conclusion: This prevalence pattern indicates that adenovirus has major role in viral conjunctivitis rather than HSV-1. Further research is needed to identify other viral pathogens associated with ocular infection.

 

 Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201426(1):29-32 © 2014 by the Iranian Society of Ophthalmology

Keywords: Adenovirus, Conjunctivitis, Herpes Simplex Virus, Multiplex Real-Time PCR
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Anterior segment
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Sohrabi M, Goodarzi Z, Saberfar E, Lashini H. The Prevalence of Viral Conjunctivitis in Patients Who Referred to Eye Specialist Hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014; 26 (1) :29-32
URL: http://irjo.org/article-1-904-en.html


Volume 26, Issue 1 (Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم پزشکی ایران Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology
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