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:: Volume 26, Issue 2 (Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014) ::
2014, 26(2): 92-96 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Successful Surgical Alignment on Improvement of Binocular Vision in Adults with Childhood Strabismus
Dima Andalib Dr. * , Reza Nabie Dr., Bayan Poormohammad Dr.
, dima1366@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4408 Views)

 Purpose: To evaluate the effect of successful surgical alignment on improvement of binocular vision in adults with childhood strabismus

 Methods: In a prospective interventional study, consecutive patients with childhood-onset, comitant, horizontal and constant strabismus who had successful postoperative alignment were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative binocular vision testing was performed using the Bagolini striated lenses and the Worths 4-dot test. Improvement of binocular vision was defined as conversion of suppression to fusion response in Bagolini test and conversion of suppression to fusion or monofixation response in Worth 4-dot test at three months after surgery.

 Results: A total of 34 patients (15 females and 19 males) were included. The mean age at the time of surgery was 26.08±10.53 years (range, 14-53 years). The mean angel of deviation was 40.29±14.35 prism diopter (range, 20-75 prism diopter). Binocular vision was improved in 20 of 34 patients (58.8%) in Bagolini test, also, binocular vision was improved in 20 of 34 patients (58.8%) in Worth 4-dot test. There was no significant correlation between duration of misalignment and sensory outcome (p=0.67). There was a statistically insignificant increase in improvement of binocular vision in exotropic group (65%) compared with esotropic group (50%) (p=0.48). Also, there was a statistically insignificant increase in improvement of binocular vision in nonamblyopic group (60.8%) compared with amblyopic group (54.5%) (p=0.5). The angel of preoperative deviation had no influence on improvement of binocular vision (p=0.08).

 Conclusion: Surgical realignment leads to improvements in binocular vision in 58.8% of adults with childhood strabismus regardless of the type and angle of preoperative deviation, duration of strabismus, or amblyopia.

  

 Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 201426(2):92-6 © 2014 by the Iranian Society of Ophthalmology

Keywords: Strabismus, Binocular Vision
Full-Text [PDF 175 kb]   (1642 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Strabismus
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Andalib D, Nabie R, Poormohammad B. The Effect of Successful Surgical Alignment on Improvement of Binocular Vision in Adults with Childhood Strabismus. Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014; 26 (2) :92-96
URL: http://irjo.org/article-1-925-en.html


Volume 26, Issue 2 (Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله چشم پزشکی ایران Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology
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